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Edmon Low Library

IEATPLANTS Living Laboratory: Non-Toxic Plants

At the William E. Brock Memorial Library. This is a class document used for the Center for Veterinary Health Sciences at the Oklahoma State University's third year DVM students' toxicology class (VMED 7533, Morgan).

African Violet

African voilet plant image

Common Name

African Violet

Scientific Name

Saintpaulia ionantha

Family Name

Gesneriaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic; Leaves; No specific toxin; Alkaloids

Clinical Signs

Mild allergic reactions

Bamboo

Bamboo plant image

Common Name

Belgian Evergreen; Dracaena; Dragon Tree

Scientific Name

Dracaena sp.

Family Name

Agavaceae

[Dracaena sanderana: Ribbon Plant, Belgian Evergreen; Alkaloidal content]

Barrel Cactus

Barrel cactus plant image

Common Name

Golden Barrel; Golden Ball; Mother-in-Law's Cushion

Scientific Name

Echinocactus grusonii

Family Name

Cactaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic; Spine

Boston Fern

Boston fern plant image

Common Name

Fishbone Fern; Sword Fern; Boston Fern

Scientific Name

Nephrolepis

Family Name

Polypodiaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Clinical Signs

Allergy; Wet leaves: prolonged contact with lesions that were pruritic, with erythema, vesicles, scaling, and periungual swelling.

Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea plant image

Common Name

Bougainvillea; Paper Flower; Four-O'clock

Scientific Name

Bougainvillea glabra

Family Name

Nyctaginaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic; Spines

Clinical Signs

Injury to skin by spines

Bromeliad

Bromeliad plant image

Common Name

Bromeliad; Silver Vase

Scientific Name

Aechmea fasciata

Family Name

Bromeliaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Christmas Cactus

Christmas cactus plant image

Common Name

Christmas Cactus; Claw Cactus; Thanksgiving Cactus

Scientific Name

Zygocactus truncates

Family Name

Cactaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Corn Plant

Corn plant image

Common Name

Dracaena; Corn Plant; Dragon Tree

Scientific Name

Draceaca sp.

Family Name

Agavaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic; Possible alkaloidal content

Clinical Signs

Stomach-ache

Euphorbia decaryi

Euphorbia decaryi plant image

Common Name

Euphorbia decaryi

Scientific Name

Euphorbia decaryi

Family Name

Euphorbiaceae

Hibiscus

Hibiscus plant image

Common Name

Hibiscus; Chinese Hibiscus

Scientific Name

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Family Name

Malcaveae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Hoya

Hoya plant image

Common Name

Wax Plant; Honey Plant; Wax Flower

Scientific Name

Hoya bella

Family Name

Asclepiadaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Clinical Signs

Skin rash caused by allergens

Lipstick Plant

Lipstick plant image

Common Name

Lipstick Plant; Lipstick Vine; Basket Vine

Scientific Name

Aeschynanthus lobbianus

Family Name

Gesneriaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Majesty Palm

Majesty palm plant image

Common Name

Majesty Palm

Scientific Name

Ravenea rivularis

Family Name

Arecaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Nerve Plant

Nerve plant image

Common Name

Nerve Plant; Mosaic Plant; Silver Net Leaf

Scientific Name

Fittonia

Family Name

Acanthaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk Island pine plant image

Common Name

Norfolk Island Pine

Scientific Name

Araucaria heterophylla

Family Name

Araucariaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Orchid

Orchid plant image

Common Name

Dendrobium

Scientific Name

Dendrobium nobile

Family Name

Orchidaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Purple Passion

Purple passion plant image

Common Name

Purple Passion Vine; Velvet Plant

Scientific Name

Gynura sarmentosa; Gyruna aurantiaca

Family Name

Asteraceae; Compositea

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Spider Plant

Spider plant image

Common Name

Ribbon Plant; Airplane Plant; Spider Plant

Scientific Name

Chlorophytum comosum

Family Name

Liliaceae

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Swedish Ivy

Swedish ivy plant image

Common Name

Swedish Ivy; Prostrate Coleus; Spur Flower

Scientific Name

Plectranthus sp

Family Name

Labiataea

Toxic Principle

Non-toxic

Table Fern

Table fern plant image

Common Name

Table Fern; Brake Fern; Cretan Brake

Scientific Name

Pteris

Family Name

Polypodiaceae

Toxic Principle

Low to no toxicity