Electronic Lab Notebooks: Choosing an Electronic Lab Notebook
Electronic lab notebooks are a digital platform for organizing and saving research records. Researchers can use them in place of or in addition to hardcopy notebooks. This guide is intended to provide information about advantages and pitfalls of differe
Considerations when choosing an ELN
Ideally ELNs should be implemented as part of a well thought out data management strategy for a research group or lab. Considerations for choosing the best ELN for your needs are listed below.
- Cost - ELNs range from free and open source to commercial implementations that can be charged on a per month per user basis. Most paid versions charge academic users ~$10-20 per user per month.
- Functionality - not surprisingly, free options provide fewer functions and may restrict the number of users. More expensive commercial platforms will generally provide a higher degree of customization and more security features. Other considerations include version control, whether pages can be locked and electronically signed and what kind of data storage is needed to meet government or funder requirements.
- Access and collaboration vs security - most ELN platforms are cloud-based, providing researchers flexibility and mobility for entering data outside of the lab. Collaboration and sharing of data can be done with pdf's or reports created from within the ELN or as a feature of the ELN. A hierarchy of roles such as contributor, reviewer, editor determine who can see and approve project records. After the work has been reviewed, the record is locked to prevent unauthorized changes.
- ELN vendor wikiA comprehensive list of ELN vendors with links to pricing information and demonstration videos.
- Splice - 2021 Review of the nine best ELNsBlog review of ELNs including sciNote LLC, a product of Biosistemika LLC, a software company that is the co-founder of sciNote LLC.
Some types of research may dictate that an ELN have specific features.
- The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) governs medical information. Human subject research may require data security measures that are HIPAA compliant.
- Similar data privacy measures may be necessary to meet the requirements of The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) that governs educational information
- Some other features that might be necessary include the ability to meet audit, reporting and electronic signature guidelines. See Part 11 of the US Food and Drug Administration guidance document as an example (previously 21 CFR Part 11; Electronic Records; Electronic Signatures, Electronic Copies of Electronic Records).
- USFDA Guidance on Electronic DocumentsGuidance for industry on electronic records and signatures. Includes scope, validation and audit trail as well as copies of records, legacy systems and record retention,
The use of ELNs to support invention disclosures has not been extensively tested in the courts. Though the US moved to a "first inventor to file" system rather than the first to invent, lab records are still important legal documents to support patent claims. At Oklahoma State University, an inventor is anyone who contributes to the idea or conception of the invention. This may be documented with the lab notebook. More information about the OSU disclosure process is available from the Technology Development Center and the OSU IP Policy.
More Information about Selecting an ELN
Tremouilhac, Pierre et al. “Chemotion ELN: An Open Source Electronic Lab Notebook for Chemists in Academia.” Journal of cheminformatics 9.1 (2017): 1–13. Web.
- Cambridge University Guide to Electronic Research GuidesA comprehensive guide to Electronic Research Notebooks (ELNs) including case studies for applications of different platforms.
- PubMed Article on ELNs in academic life sciencesThe authors make a case that implementing ELNs is overdue and present a discussion on features that researchers hope to see available.
- How to pick an electronic laboratory notebookArticle published by Nature (August 06, 2018) about selecting ELNs.